Iindidi ezi-5 ezixhaphakileyo zokuCwangcisa iCNC Machining

Umatshini we-CNC ligama eliqhelekileyo elisetyenziselwa iintlobo ngeentlobo zezicelo zomatshini."I-CNC" imele iComputer Numerical Controlled kwaye ibhekisa kwinto enokucwangciswa kumatshini, evumela umatshini ukuba enze imisebenzi emininzi ngolawulo lomntu oluncinci.Umatshini we-CNC kukwenziwa kwecandelo kusetyenziswa umatshini olawulwa yi-CNC.Eli gama lichaza uluhlu lweenkqubo zokuvelisa ezithathayo apho izinto zisuswa kwi-stock workpiece, okanye ibha, ukuvelisa inxalenye egqityiweyo yecandelo.Kukho iintlobo ezi-5 eziqhelekileyo zomatshini we-CNC owenziwe yi-5 yeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zoomatshini be-CNC.

Ezi nkqubo zisetyenziswa kwizicelo ezininzi kumashishini ahlukeneyo abandakanya ezonyango, i-aerospace, i-industrial, i-oyile negesi, i-hydraulics, imipu, njl.

CNC machining inika izibonelelo ezininzi phezu machining ngaphandle CNC programmable ubuchule.Ukunciphisa ngokuphawulekayo amaxesha okujikeleza, ukugqitywa okuphuculweyo kunye neempawu ezininzi zinokugqitywa ngexesha elifanayo kwaye zinokuphucula umgangatho kunye nokuhambelana.Ifanelekile kwiimfuno zevolumu ephakathi kunye nephezulu apho ukuchaneka kunye nobunzima obufunekayo.

#1 - Iileyile ze-CNC kunye noKujika oomatshini

Iintambo ze-CNC kunye nomatshini wokuguqula zibonakaliswe ngokukwazi ukujikeleza (ukujika) izinto ngexesha lomsebenzi womatshini.Izixhobo zokusika zala matshini zondliwa kwintshukumo yomgca ecaleni kwesitokhwe esijikelezayo sebha;ukususa izinto ezijikeleze i-circumference de i-diameter efunwayo (kunye nesici) iphunyeziwe.

I-subset ye-CNC lathes yi-CNC Swiss lathes (ezi luhlobo lomatshini osebenza kwiNkonzo yobuvulindlela).Ngeentambo ze-CNC ze-Swiss, ibha yezinto ijikeleza kwaye i-slides nge-axially nge-bushing yesikhokelo (indlela yokubamba) kumatshini.Oku kubonelela ngenkxaso engcono kakhulu kwizinto eziphathekayo njengoko oomatshini bezixhobo zecandelo libonisa (okukhokelela ekunyamezeleni okungcono / okuqinileyo).

I-CNC lathes kunye nomatshini wokuguqula unokudala iimpawu zangaphakathi nangaphandle kwi-component: imingxuma ebhobhozayo, i-bores, i-broaches, imingxuma ehlaziyiweyo, i-slots, i-tapping, i-tapers kunye nemicu.Izixhobo ezenziwe kwiilatheli ze-CNC kunye namaziko okuguqula abandakanya izikrufu, iibholiti, iishafts, iipoppet, njl.

#2 – CNC Milling Machines

Oomatshini bokugaya be-CNC babonakaliswa ngokukwazi kwabo ukujikeleza izixhobo zokusika ngelixa bebambe i-workpiece yezinto eziphathekayo / ibhloko emileyo.Ziyakwazi ukuvelisa uluhlu olubanzi lweemilo ezibandakanya iimpawu ezibunjwe ngobuso (indawo enzulu, ethe tyaba kunye nemingxuma kwindawo yokusebenza) kunye neempawu ze-peripheral milled (imingxuma enzulu efana neendawo zokubeka kunye nemisonto).

Izixhobo eziveliswe koomatshini bokungqusha be-CNC ziqhelekile ukuba zizikwere okanye iimilo ezixande ezineempawu ezahlukeneyo.

#3 – CNC Laser Machines

Oomatshini be-laser be-CNC banomzila ochongiweyo onomqadi welaser ogxininise kakhulu osetyenziselwa ukusika, ukusika okanye ukukrola izinto ngokuchanekileyo.I-laser iyatshisa izinto kwaye ibangele ukuba inyibilike okanye iqhume, idale ukusika kwizinto eziphathekayo.Ngokuqhelekileyo, izinto eziphathekayo zikwifomathi yephepha kwaye i-laser beam ihamba ngasemva nangaphezulu phezu kwempahla ukwenza ukusika okuchanekileyo.

Le nkqubo inokuvelisa uluhlu olubanzi lokuyila kunomatshini wokusika oqhelekileyo (i-lathes, amaziko okuguqula, ii-mills), kwaye kaninzi uvelisa ukusika kunye / okanye imiphetho engadingi iinkqubo zokugqiba ezongezelelweyo.

Imikroli ye-laser ye-CNC isoloko isetyenziselwa ukuphawula inxalenye (kunye nokuhombisa) yamacandelo omatshini.Umzekelo, kunokuba nzima ukutshiza ilogo kunye negama lenkampani kwiCNC eguqulweyo okanye iCNC milled component.Nangona kunjalo, ukukrolwa kwelaser kungasetyenziselwa ukongeza oku kwicandelo nasemva kokuba imisebenzi yomatshini igqityiwe.

#4 - oomatshini bokukhupha uMbane be-CNC (EDM)

Umatshini wokukhutshwa kombane we-CNC (i-EDM) usebenzisa iintlantsi zombane ezilawulwa kakhulu ukwenza izinto ngendlela efunwayo.Isenokuthiwa ukukhukuliseka kwentlantsi, ukutshona kwentlantsi, ukwenziwa kwentlantsi okanye ukutshiswa kocingo.

Inxalenye ifakwa phantsi kocingo lwe-electrode, kwaye umatshini ulungiselelwe ukuba ukhuphe ukukhutshwa kombane kucingo oluvelisa ubushushu obukhulu (ukuya kuma-21,000 degrees Fahrenheit).Isixhobo siyanyibilika okanye sigungxulwe ngolwelo ukwenza ubume obufunwayo okanye uphawu.

I-EDM isoloko isetyenziselwa ukudala imingxuma emincinci echanekileyo, i-slots, i-tapered okanye i-angled features kunye neentlobo zezinye izinto ezinzima ngakumbi kwi-component okanye i-workpiece.Ngokuqhelekileyo isetyenziselwa iintsimbi ezinzima kakhulu ezinokuba nzima ukuzisebenzisa kumatshini kwimilo yomnqweno okanye into.Umzekelo obalaseleyo woku sisixhobo esiqhelekileyo.

#5 - CNC Plasma Cutting Machines

Oomatshini bokusika i-plasma ye-CNC nabo basetyenziselwa ukusika izinto.Noko ke, olu tyando balwenza besebenzisa iplasma enamandla kakhulu (igesi ye-electronic-ionized) elawulwa yikhompyutha.Ngokufana nokusebenza kwitotshi ephathwa ngesandla, esebenza ngerhasi esetyenziselwa ukuwelda (ukuya kuthi ga kwi-10,000 degrees Fahrenheit), iitotshi zeplasma zifikelela kwi-50,000 degrees Fahrenheit.Itotshi yeplasma inyibilika kwi-workpiece ukwenza ukusikwa kwezinto.

Njengemfuneko, naliphi na ixesha lokusika i-plasma ye-CNC isetyenzisiwe, izinto ezisikwayo kufuneka ziqhutywe ngombane.Izinto eziqhelekileyo ziyintsimbi, insimbi engenasici, i-aluminiyam, ubhedu kunye nobhedu.

Ukuchaneka kweCNC machining kunika uluhlu olubanzi lwezakhono zokuvelisa kumacandelo kunye nokugqiba kwindawo yokuvelisa.Ngokuxhomekeke kwindawo yokusetyenziswa, imathiriyeli efunekayo, ixesha lokukhokela, umthamo, uhlahlo lwabiwo-mali kunye neempawu ezifunekayo, kuhlala kukho eyona ndlela ilungileyo yokuzisa iziphumo ezifunwayo.


Ixesha lokuposa: Dec-14-2021